STP Global


Understanding Digital Asset Types 

Digital assets encompass a broad range of items, but they can be broadly categorized into the following types:

  1. Cryptocurrencies: These are digital or virtual currencies that use cryptography for security. Examples include Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, and many others.

  1. Tokens: These are a type of cryptocurrency that represent a specific asset or a utility in a blockchain ecosystem. Tokens are usually issued through an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) or Token Generation Event (TGE). They can be utility tokens (giving holders access to a product or service), governance tokens (allowing holders to vote on network decisions), or security tokens (which represent investment contracts and derive their value from an external asset).

  1. Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs): These are unique tokens that represent ownership or proof of authenticity of a specific item or piece of content, like digital art, music, or virtual real estate. They are based on the ERC-721 standard on the Ethereum blockchain. When you buy a NFT, you’re buying a digital certificate of authenticity that proves you own a specific digital asset. You can sell this NFT to others, and its value might rise or fall based on demand.

  1. Stablecoins: These are cryptocurrencies designed to minimize the volatility of the price of the stablecoin, relative to some “stable” asset or a basket of assets. They can be pegged to a cryptocurrency, fiat money, or exchange-traded commodities (such as precious metals or industrial metals).

  1. Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs): These are digital forms of fiat money, issued and regulated by a country’s central bank.

  1. Tokenized Digital Securities: Tokenized Digital Assets refer to the representation of real-world assets (like real estate or stocks) on a blockchain in the form of digital tokens. By using blockchain technology, these physical or intangible assets can be divided, bought, sold, and traded on digital platforms. Here’s a brief breakdown:

    1. *Digitization*: An asset is converted into a digital token on a blockchain.

    2. *Fractional Ownership*: This allows an asset to be divided into smaller units, represented by tokens, enabling multiple people to own a fraction of the asset.

    3. *Trade and Liquidity*: Tokenized assets can be traded on secondary markets, often providing increased liquidity compared to traditional forms of the asset.

    4. *Transparency and Security*: Blockchain provides a transparent and immutable ledger, which can increase trust among investors.

    Examples include tokenized real estate (where someone can buy a fraction of a property), tokenized art, or even tokenized stocks. The goal is to make assets more accessible, liquid, and divisible among a wider range of investors.

  1. Decentralized Finance (DeFi) Assets: These include a variety of financial instruments, such as lending platform tokens and liquidity pool tokens, built on open, public, and permissionless blockchain networks.

  1. Digital Collectibles: These are unique digital assets that can be collected and often traded.

  1. In-Game Assets: These are digital assets used within the context of a video game. They can include items like skins, weapons, and virtual currencies.

  2. Data Assets: These include data or information that has value and can be stored and transferred electronically, such as personal data, business data, research data, etc.

  3. File storage coins:  These refer to cryptocurrencies associated with decentralized file storage networks. These networks leverage blockchain technology to offer distributed and encrypted data storage across multiple nodes, rather than using centralized servers. Prominent file storage coins include Filecoin & Arweave.

Each digital asset class carries its own set of characteristics, use-cases, and values.